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California Drug Treatment Programs and Rehabilitation Centers

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Although methamphetamine is closely related to amphetamine, it has a more prolonged and toxic effect on the central nervous system. Street names for methamphetamine include meth, speed, chalk, ice, and crystal. The drug can be smoked, snorted or injected. Side effects include increased physical activity and wakefulness, and a reduction of appetite. Long-term use often results in meth addiction, where the user is susceptible to hallucinations, schizophrenic-like behavior, and stroke. Since 2002, the state of California has seen a steady rise in the yearly amount of treatment admissions. Between 2002 and 2005, the number of admissions went from 154,000 to 183,000. A large proportion of these patients were admitted for the abuse of meth.

Before the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) survey for 2005-2006, California’s rates of alcohol abuse or dependence stayed the same or below the national average for all ages. That changed in 2005-2006 when the rate for Californians age 26 and older ranked among the country’s 10 highest.

Since 2003-2004, the rates for prior year illegal drug abuse or dependency have surpassed the national rates. The yearly National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (NSSATS) states that in 2002 the number of recognizable or certifiable treatment facilities in California rose from 1,772 to 1,820 in 2006. This was due mainly to the addition of 43 private for-profit facilities, 7 government operated facilities, and the eradication of 2 tribal government facilities.

In 2006, most of California offered some type of outpatient treatment; 41 percent included residential care in their services; 132 included methadone treatment; and 921 physicians were authorized to provide buprenorphine treatment for valium addiction and other opiate-related abuse.

California’s high rate of individuals requiring but not getting treatment for alcohol and drug abuse has placed the state at or above the national average. In 2005-2006, the rates for individuals age 26 and older requiring and not receiving treatment for abusing alcohol was among the country’s highest. On a more positive note, according to the NSDUH, in 2005-2006 the rates of serious psychological distress for individuals 18 and older, and 26 and older have stayed the same or fell below the national rates for all surveys.

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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Issues At-A-Glance

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

In 2005-2006, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) funded California $409.3 million. Additionally, the Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant (SAPTBG) funded California $250 million while mental health block and formula grants contributed $65.6 million to aid in drug treatment. Furthermore, with the huge role SAMHSA has played in assisting with drug and alcohol dependency, there is a multitude of hope for those seeking to recover from their plight with drugs.

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