Prescription drug abuse continues to prevail throughout society. Most prescription drugs include oxycontin, an opioid. When oxycontin abuse occurs it is through the use of non-medical reasons. Oxycontin can modify the brain’s activity, leading to addiction. Oxycontin is generally prescribed to treat pain, anxiety, sleep disorders, narcolepsy, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and obesity. The long-term effects of oxycontin includes physical dependence and addiction, and in severe cases (high dosage) paranoia, compulsive use, irregular heartbeat, and perilously high body temperature.
The National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (NSSATS) shows that since 2002 the amount of treatment facilities available in Arizona has remained relatively stable. In 2006, 120 of 212 facilities were private nonprofit, and 62 were private for-profit. The tribal government owned and ran 20 of these facilities in Arizona. In 2006, 169 facilities offered outpatient treatment in their services, 53 offered residential care, and 29 offered a treatment program for opioid addiction, which included drug detox centers. 37 physicians and 40 treatment programs offered buprenorphine treatment for opiate addiction.
For prior year alcohol dependency, Arizona ranked among the 10 highest states in the U.S; these rates have generally been among the 10 highest in the country. Besides 2002–2003, Arizona’s rates of prior year illegal drug dependency have remained at or under the national rates.
According to the National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (NSSATS), since 2002, Arizona has experienced relative stability in its amount of treatment centers. In 2006, 120 out 212 facilities were private nonprofit, and 62 were private for-profit. The tribal authorities owned and operated 20 facilities in Arizona. 169 of these facilities included outpatient treatment services and 53 included residential care. 40 treatment programs and 137 physicians included buprenorphine in their treatment for oxycontin addiction.
100 of 212 facilities received some type of federal, state, or county government funding assistance in 2006. 84 of these treatment facilities had agreements with managed care establishments in order to provide substance abuse treatment services. In a yearly one-day census by NSSATS and based on yearly treatment admissions from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), in 2006 Arizona reflected a daily total of 26,913 patients who were in treatment; 24,958 were receiving outpatient treatment. Of this total 2,097 were below 18 years old.
In 1992, Arizona treatment centers experienced a slight decline from above 18 percent in their alcohol-only admissions. In 2005, this amount increased to a little over 14 percent. In 1998, drug-only admissions rose from 15 percent, and in 2005 to 27 percent. Individuals who met the DSM-IV’s criteria for drug abuse or alcohol dependency but have not received special treatment in that prior year are categorized as “unmet need for treatment”. Arizona’s unmet need for treatment has been reported as being above the country’s average. Individuals requiring treatment are urged to seek immediate help at a treatment facility; there are many that are publicly funded. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has helped to fund many of these organizations in Arizona, supplying them with millions of dollars in grant funds.
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